Yuanyuan Yang, “New opening” [nd]
1570-1575 Pieter Pourbus - Portrait of Jan Wyts
Henry IV Becomes King of England
30 September 1399
Henry IV became King of England when he deposed Richard II on this day in British history, 30 September 1399. Henry and Richard were first cousins who were close during their childhood, and when Richard II became king in 1377, Henry remained close with him to the point of being granted titles by him. The years of 1397–1399, however, saw several events the ruined their relationship, culminating in Richard II inexplicably disinheriting Henry after exiling him from England.
While Richard was on campaign in Ireland, Henry and Thomas Arundel, former Archbishop of Canterbury, returned to England and began a military campaign of their own. Henry quickly gained enough power and support to have himself declared King Henry IV, imprison King Richard (who died in prison under mysterious circumstances) and bypass Richard’s seven-year-old heir-presumptive, Edmund de Mortimer. Much of Henry IV’s following reign was marked by the repeated uprising of the nobles, but he managed to effectively consolidate his power, despite his reign’s fiscal and administrative weaknesses.
1552 Pieter Aertsen - The Egg Dance
Portrait of the Artist with a Book (1554)
Sophonisba Anguissola, 1532-1625
One of the few women artist’s, and one of the even fewer group of women to have painted self-portraits. Portrait signature in the book reads, “Sophonisba Anguissolla virgin made this herself 1554”.
Rita Hayworth, 1942, on the site of ‘You Were Never Lovelier’
Gerrit Dou - Old Woman Reading a Bible
Ancient Worlds - BBC Two
Episode 3 “The Greek Thing”
Some of the most important exhibits of the Archaeological Museum of Sparta:
Clay masks dating to the 7th-6th centuries BC from the sanctuary of Artemis Orthia, depicting warriors and medusae. These were votive offerings, probably used in rituals to honor the goddess.
Marble statue of a Spartan warrior, a helmed hoplite, the so-called Leonidas. Only the upper part of the torso is preserved. The statue was found in the sanctuary of Athena Chalkioikos at the Acropolis of Sparta and is dated to the 2nd quarter of the 5th century BC.
Archaeological Museum of Sparta, Sparta, Greece