Bartolomeo Manfredi - Cain Kills Abel, c. 1600, Kunsthistorisches Museum (Vienna)
David Burliuk (1882-1967) Harbor, 1906
Ancient Worlds - BBC TwoEpisode 1 “Come Together”
Uruk - “the mother of all cities”.
Uruk was one of the most important cities in ancient Mesopotamia; an ancient city of Sumer -and later Babylonia, situated east of the present bed of the Euphrates river. According to the Sumerian King List, it was founded by King Enmerkar sometime around 4500 BCE.
Uruk is considered the first true city in the world. It was home to 40.000 or perhaps 50.000 people, a population density unprecedented in human history.
In myth and literature, Uruk was famous as the capital city of Gilgamesh. The great epic poem The Legend of Gilgamesh contains a proud description of his city:
Go up, pace out the walls of Uruk.
Study the foundation terrace and examine the brickwork.
Is not its masonry of kiln - fired brick?
And did not seven masters lay its foundations?
One square mile of city, one square mile of gardens,
One square mile of clay pits, a half square mile of Ishtar’s dwelling,
Three and a half square miles is the measure of Uruk
Follower of Lazzaro di Jacopo Bastiani - The Burial of Saint George (c. 1495)
Todd Walker – Female Nude on High Stand with Window
[Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna - Oil on wood, 52 x 90.5 cm]
Ivan Aivazovsky - Constantinople on Flickr.
Ivan Aivazovsky was a famous Russian artist specialising in seascape and landscape portraits. He was born into the family of a destitute Armenian merchant in the Crimean city of Feodosia on July 17, 1817. At the time of Aivazovsky’s birth the city was devastated after a recent war and was still suffering from the consequences of a plague epidemic that had affected the region in 1812.
In 1846 Aivazovsky built his own workshop in his native Feodosia and spent most of his time there, behind closed doors, producing one picture after another. He no longer needed to go outdoors for inspiration - he had already seen so much of his beloved environment that he was able to produce canvases with amazing speed, almost that of a printing machine. By this time the artist has perfected his technique and invented so many tricks that he often astonished his visitors by creating a large canvas in a matter of hours. He died on May 2, 1900 at the age of 82.
[Musee des Beaux-Arts de Brest - Oil on canvas]